Journal of Radiology Case Reports, Vol 3, No 3 (2009)

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Geniculate arterial pseudoaneurysm formation following trauma and elective orthopaedic surgery to the knee

Geniculate arterial pseudoaneurysm formation following trauma and elective orthopaedic surgery to the knee: 2 case reports and a review of the literature

Aidan Shaw, A B Stephen, J N Lund, P Bungay, M DeNunzio

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Abstract


Arterial pseudoaneurysm formation of the genicular vessels following orthopaedic surgery to the knee is an extremely rare occurrence. Here we report the successful management of two cases as a complication of total knee arthroplasty and a tibial interlocking nail, utilising coil embolisation by interventional radiological techniques and negating the need for further surgery. To our knowledge this is one of the few reported cases of pseudoaneurysms of the descending genicular artery secondary to drain placement and only the second following tibial interlocking nail placement.


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