Journal of Radiology Case Reports, Vol 9, No 6 (2015)

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Solitary Neurofibroma Of The Spermatic Cord: A Case Report

Solitary Neurofibroma Of The Spermatic Cord: A Case Report

José Boto, Sana Boudabbous, Johannes Alexander Lobrinus, Jolanta Gourmaud, Sylvain Terraz

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We report the ultrasound, computerized tomography, positron emission tomography and magnetic resonance imaging findings of a 38-year-old man with a biopsy proven solitary neurofibroma of the spermatic cord. Solitary neurofibromas of the male genital tract are exceedingly rare benign peripheral nerve sheath neoplasms composed of Schwann cells and fibroblasts. In contrast to schwannomas they are not bound by a capsule thus allowing infiltration between the nerve fascicles. Although they are benign lesions whose potential for malignant degeneration is very low, especially in the absence of neurofibromatosis type 1, accurate diagnosis is important as neurofibromas in this location can cause significant morbidity and psychological distress. Despite the extensive differential diagnosis of masses in the male inguinal canal, including both benign and malignant entities, a diagnosis of benign peripheral nerve sheath tumor can be potentially suggested based on imaging, particularly if MRI is performed. Surgical resection is the treatment of choice and the final diagnosis should be provided by histopathology, as was the case with this patient.

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