Learning Tables







Learning Tables






Bookmark and Share

From the manuscript

Gynaecomastia associated with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)

Free full text article: Gynaecomastia associated with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)

Abstract
There is a global Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) epidemic. It is estimated that the total number of people living with Human Immune deficiency Virus (HIV) is 33.2 million in the year 2007. An estimated 2.1 million people died from AIDS in 2007. As highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) becomes more widely used, the side effects of this regime are becoming more evident in clinical practice. We present 2 cases that demonstrate the association of HAART and gynaecomastia. Imaging features of gynaecomastia and the differential for these changes will be reviewed. Proposed mechanisms for the pathogenesis of gynaecomastia will be discussed. Possible therapeutic options will also be briefly considered.






References



1. Bembo SA, Carlson HE. Gynaecomastia. Its features, and when and how to treat it Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
Find similar topics on Read this article on PubMed :: Find similar articles on Google scholarScholar :: Search for similar topics with the Radiology specific search engine Radiology search engine


2. Blanco JL, Biglia A. Gynaecomastia and associated hypogonadism in HIV infected patients. Int Conf AIDS (15th) 2004 Jul
Find similar topics on Read this article on PubMed :: Find similar articles on Google scholarScholar :: Search for similar topics with the Radiology specific search engine Radiology search engine
3. What is immune restoration inflammatory syndrome resulting from HAART. Medscape. URL: www.medscape.com/viewarticle/413384 last accessed: June 2009.
Find similar topics on Find similar articles on Google scholarGoogle scholar :: Search for similar topics with the Radiology specific search engine Radiology search engine
Back Back



4. Francisco Jover, Jose M Cuadrade. Efavirenz-associated gynaecomastia .Report of 5 cases and review of the literature. The Breast Journal May 2004; 10 : 244-246
Find similar topics on Read this article on PubMed :: Find similar articles on Google scholarScholar :: Search for similar topics with the Radiology specific search engine Radiology search engine


5. Benveniste O, Simon A, Herson S. Successful percutaneous dihydrotestosterone treatment of gynaecomastia during highly active antiretroviral therapy, four cases and a review of the literature. Clinical Infect Dis 2001 Sept 15; 33 (6):891-3.
Find similar topics on Read this article on PubMed :: Find similar articles on Google scholarScholar :: Search for similar topics with the Radiology specific search engine Radiology search engine


6. Garcia-Benayas T, Blanco F , Martin-Carbonero L, Valencia E. Gynaecomastia in HIV infected patients receiving ARV treatment. AIDS Research and Human Retrovirus Sept 2003, 19(9):739-741.
Find similar topics on Read this article on PubMed :: Find similar articles on Google scholarScholar :: Search for similar topics with the Radiology specific search engine Radiology search engine


7. Chalazonitis AN, Theodossiades GO. Bilateral gynaecomastia with microcalcification in an HIV infected haemophilia A patient after HAART. Images in Clinical Radiology JBR-BTR 2006; 89:328.
Find similar topics on Read this article on PubMed :: Find similar articles on Google scholarScholar :: Search for similar topics with the Radiology specific search engine Radiology search engine


8. Kegg S, Lau R. Tamoxifen in antiretroviral -associated gynaecomastia. International Journal of STD and AIDS 2002; 13:582-583.
Find similar topics on Read this article on PubMed :: Find similar articles on Google scholarScholar :: Search for similar topics with the Radiology specific search engine Radiology search engine


9. Parkinson BT. Gynaecomastia. In Berg and Birdwell: Diagnostic imaging Breast Amirysis, Canada, 2006; Chapter IV-5-50.
Find similar topics on Read this article on PubMed :: Find similar articles on Google scholarScholar :: Search for similar topics with the Radiology specific search engine Radiology search engine


10. Biglia A, Blanco JL, Martinez E, Domingo P. Gynaecomastia in HIV infected patients is associated with hypogonadism: A case controlled study. Clinical Infectious Diseases 2004
Find similar topics on Read this article on PubMed :: Find similar articles on Google scholarScholar :: Search for similar topics with the Radiology specific search engine Radiology search engine


11. Guiard-Schmid J, Sene D. A new adverse effect of Efavirenz. IAS Conf.HIV Pathog Treat 2001 Jul 8-11, 1st: abstract no 529.
Find similar topics on Read this article on PubMed :: Find similar articles on Google scholarScholar :: Search for similar topics with the Radiology specific search engine Radiology search engine


12. Report on global AIDS epidemic. UNAIDS/WHO. URL: http//data.unaids.org - last accessed: July 2009.
Find similar topics on Read this article on PubMed :: Find similar articles on Google scholarScholar :: Search for similar topics with the Radiology specific search engine Radiology search engine


13. Singh Narula H, Carlson HE. Gynaecomastia. Endocrinol Metabol Clin N Am 2007; 48:497-519.
Find similar topics on Read this article on PubMed :: Find similar articles on Google scholarScholar :: Search for similar topics with the Radiology specific search engine Radiology search engine
14. Gynaecomastia - Emedicine. Medscape. URL: emedicine.medscape.com/article/120858-overview last accessed: March 2008.
Find similar topics on Find similar articles on Google scholarGoogle scholar :: Search for similar topics with the Radiology specific search engine Radiology search engine
Back Back



15. Piroth L, Grappen M. Incidence of gynaecomastia in men infected with HIV and treated with highly active antiretroviral therapy. Scand J Infect Dis.2001;33:559-560
Find similar topics on Read this article on PubMed :: Find similar articles on Google scholarScholar :: Search for similar topics with the Radiology specific search engine Radiology search engine


16. Pantanowitz L,Connolly JL. Pathology of the breast associated with AIDS. The Breast Journal 2002; 8(4):234-243.
Find similar topics on Read this article on PubMed :: Find similar articles on Google scholarScholar :: Search for similar topics with the Radiology specific search engine Radiology search engine




Search for articles with similar topics

Keyword search:

1. Gynaecomastia imaging

2. HIV

3. AIDS

4. highly active antiretroviral therapy

5. HAART


This article belongs to the Mamms section.


Search for more in the Internet

Peer-reviewed Radiology Search




Discuss it!

Bookmark and Share




© Journal of Radiology Case Reports - The Interactive Radiology Journal
Affiliated journal of Radiolopolis - The International Radiology Community


The Journal of Radiology Case Reports