The Teaching Point

An elongated styloid process or calcified stylohyoid ligament, whether symptomatic or asymptomatic, can cause a variety of complications and it is important to identify patients at risk for these complications. CT and CT angiography are essential tools in not only providing diagnostic information but also in identifying at risk patients. The styloid processes and stylohyoid ligaments should be assessed when planning for endovascular stenting of the carotid arteries as continued compression of the artery may result in stent fracture.






Bookmark and Share

From the manuscript

Carotid Stent Fracture from Stylocarotid Syndrome

Free full text article: Carotid Stent Fracture from Stylocarotid Syndrome

Abstract
Eagle syndrome is a rare condition resulting from elongation of the temporal styloid process or calcification of its associated stylohyoid ligaments. Although usually presenting with pain or odynophagia, Eagle syndrome has been reported to cause a multitude of neurologic symptoms or vascular complications, some of which can be life-threatening. We present a case in which an endovascularly placed internal carotid artery stent in close proximity to a calcified stylohyoid ligament resulted in stent fracture with subsequent stent and vessel occlusion. We review and discuss the presentation, diagnosis, etiology, complications and treatment options of the syndrome.






References



1. Mupparapu M, Robinson MD. The mineralized and elongated styloid process: a review of current diagnostic criteria and evaluation strategies. Gen Dent 2005; 53(1):54-59
Get full text
Find similar topics on Read this article on PubMed :: Find similar articles on Google scholarScholar :: Search for similar topics with the Radiology specific search engine Radiology search engine


2. Eagle WW. Elongated styloid process: Report of two cases. Arch Otolaryngol 1937; 25:584–587.
Find similar topics on Read this article on PubMed :: Find similar articles on Google scholarScholar :: Search for similar topics with the Radiology specific search engine Radiology search engine


3. Martin TJ, Friedland DR, Merati AL. Transcervical resection of the styloid process in Eagle syndrome. Ear Nose Throat J 2008; 87(7):399-401
Get full text
Find similar topics on Read this article on PubMed :: Find similar articles on Google scholarScholar :: Search for similar topics with the Radiology specific search engine Radiology search engine


4. Dao A, Karnezis S, Lane III J, Fujitani RM, Saremi F. Eagle syndrome presenting with external carotid artery pseudoaneurysm. Emerg Radiol 2011; 18(3):263–265
Get full text
Find similar topics on Read this article on PubMed :: Find similar articles on Google scholarScholar :: Search for similar topics with the Radiology specific search engine Radiology search engine


5. Beder E, Ozgursoy OB, Ozgursoy SK, Anadolu Y. Three-dimensional computed tomography and surgical treatment for Eagle's syndrome. Ear Nose Throat J 2006; 85(7):443-445
Get full text
Find similar topics on Read this article on PubMed :: Find similar articles on Google scholarScholar :: Search for similar topics with the Radiology specific search engine Radiology search engine


6. Raina D, Gothi R, Rajan S. Eagle syndrome. Indian J Radiol Imaging 2009; 19(2):107–108
Get full text
Find similar topics on Read this article on PubMed :: Find similar articles on Google scholarScholar :: Search for similar topics with the Radiology specific search engine Radiology search engine


7. Ling AJ, Mwipatayi P, Gandhi T, Seiunarine K. Stenting for carotid artery stenosis: Fractures, proposed etiology and the need for surveillance. J Vasc Surg 2008; 47(6):1220-1226
Get full text
Find similar topics on Read this article on PubMed :: Find similar articles on Google scholarScholar :: Search for similar topics with the Radiology specific search engine Radiology search engine


8. Gokce C, Sisman Y, Ertas ET, Akgunlu F, Ozturk A. Prevalence of Styloid Process Elongation on Panoramic Radiography in the Turkey Population from Cappadocia Region. Eur J Dent 2008; 2:18-22
Get full text
Find similar topics on Read this article on PubMed :: Find similar articles on Google scholarScholar :: Search for similar topics with the Radiology specific search engine Radiology search engine


9. Boscainos PJ, Papagelopoulos PJ, Goudelis G. Eagle`s syndrome. Orthopedics 2004; 27(4):423–425
Get full text
Find similar topics on Read this article on PubMed :: Find similar articles on Google scholarScholar :: Search for similar topics with the Radiology specific search engine Radiology search engine


10. Kim E, Hansen D, Frizzi J. Eagle syndrome: case report and review of the literature. Ear Nose Throat J 2008; 87(11):631-633
Get full text
Find similar topics on Read this article on PubMed :: Find similar articles on Google scholarScholar :: Search for similar topics with the Radiology specific search engine Radiology search engine


11. Miller DB. Eagle`s syndrome and the Trauma patient. Significance of an elongated styloid process and/or ossified stylohyoid ligament Funct Ortho
Get full text
Find similar topics on Read this article on PubMed :: Find similar articles on Google scholarScholar :: Search for similar topics with the Radiology specific search engine Radiology search engine


12. Murtagh RD, Caracciolo JT, Fernandez G. CT findings associated with Eagle syndrome. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2001; 22:1401-1402
Get full text
Find similar topics on Read this article on PubMed :: Find similar articles on Google scholarScholar :: Search for similar topics with the Radiology specific search engine Radiology search engine


13. Balbuena L, Hayes D, Ramirez SG, Johnson R. Eagle`s syndrome (elongated styloid process). South Med J 1997; 90:331-334
Get full text
Find similar topics on Read this article on PubMed :: Find similar articles on Google scholarScholar :: Search for similar topics with the Radiology specific search engine Radiology search engine


14. Naik SM, Naik SS. Tonsillo-Styloidectomy for Eagle's Syndrome: A Review of 15 Cases in KVG Medical College Sullia. Oman Med J 2011; 26(2):122–126
Get full text
Find similar topics on Read this article on PubMed :: Find similar articles on Google scholarScholar :: Search for similar topics with the Radiology specific search engine Radiology search engine


15. Kim JE, Min JH, Park HR, Choi BR, Choi JW, Huh KH. Severe calcified stylohyoid complex in twins: a case report. Imaging Sci Dent 2012; 42(2):95–97
Get full text
Find similar topics on Read this article on PubMed :: Find similar articles on Google scholarScholar :: Search for similar topics with the Radiology specific search engine Radiology search engine


16. Okabe S, Morimoto Y, Ansai T. Clinical significance and variation of the advanced calcified stylohyoid complex detected by panoramic radiographs among 80-year-old subjects. Dentomaxillofac Radiol 2006; 35(3):191-199
Get full text
Find similar topics on Read this article on PubMed :: Find similar articles on Google scholarScholar :: Search for similar topics with the Radiology specific search engine Radiology search engine


17. Guo B, Jaovisidha S, Sartoris DJ. Correlation between ossification of the stylohyoid ligament and osteophytes of the cervical spine. J Rheumatol 1997; 24(8): 1575-1581
Get full text
Find similar topics on Read this article on PubMed :: Find similar articles on Google scholarScholar :: Search for similar topics with the Radiology specific search engine Radiology search engine


18. Chuanga WC, Shorta JH, McKinneya AM, Ankera L, Knolla B, McKinneya ZJ. Reversible Left Hemispheric Ischemia Secondary to Carotid Compression in Eagle Syndrome: Surgical and CT Angiographic Correlation. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2007; 28:143-145
Get full text
Find similar topics on Read this article on PubMed :: Find similar articles on Google scholarScholar :: Search for similar topics with the Radiology specific search engine Radiology search engine


19. Ohara N, Sakaguchi M, Okazaki S, Nagano K, Kitagawa K. Internal Carotid Artery Dissection Caused by an Elongated Styloid Process: Usefulness of Transoral Ultrasonography. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2012; 21(8):918.e7-918.e8
Get full text
Find similar topics on Read this article on PubMed :: Find similar articles on Google scholarScholar :: Search for similar topics with the Radiology specific search engine Radiology search engine


20. Farhat HI, Elhammady MS, Ziayee H, Aziz-Sultan MA, Heros RC. Eagle syndrome as a cause of transient ischemic attacks. J Neurosurg 2009; 110(1):90-93
Get full text
Find similar topics on Read this article on PubMed :: Find similar articles on Google scholarScholar :: Search for similar topics with the Radiology specific search engine Radiology search engine


21. Raser JM, Mullen MT, Kasner SE, Cucchiara BL, Messé SR. Cervical carotid artery dissection is associated with styloid process length. JAMA Neurol 2011; 77(23):2061-2066
Get full text
Find similar topics on Read this article on PubMed :: Find similar articles on Google scholarScholar :: Search for similar topics with the Radiology specific search engine Radiology search engine


22. Volker W, Besselmann M, Dittrich R. Generalized arteriopathy in patients with cervical artery dissection. JAMA Neurol 2005; 64:1508-1513
Get full text
Find similar topics on Read this article on PubMed :: Find similar articles on Google scholarScholar :: Search for similar topics with the Radiology specific search engine Radiology search engine




Search for articles with similar topics:

Keyword search:

1. Eagle syndrome

2. stylocarotid syndrome

3. stent fracture

4. carotid stent

5. CT


This article belongs to the Neuro section.


Search for more in the Internet

Peer-reviewed Radiology Search




Discuss it!

Bookmark and Share




© Journal of Radiology Case Reports - The Interactive Radiology Journal
Affiliated journal of Radiolopolis - The International Radiology Community


The Journal of Radiology Case Reports