Question:

The most common renal tumor in children older than 6 months and younger than 12 years of age is:
1. Neuroblastoma.
2. Wilms tumor.
3. Teratoma.
4. Clear Cell Sarcoma.
5. Mesoblastic Nephroma.





Answer:

The correct answer for the question "The most common renal tumor in children older than 6 months and younger than 12 years of age is:" is:

2. Wilms tumor.



Explanation
A. Neuroblastoma is not the most common renal tumor in children older than 6 months and younger than 12 years of age. [Wilms tumor, which accounts for 6-7% of all pediatric malignancies, is the most common renal tumor in children older than 6 months and younger than 12 years of age.]

B. Wilms tumor is the most common renal tumor in children older than 6 months and younger than 12 years of age. [Wilms tumor, which accounts for 6-7% of all pediatric malignancies, is the most common renal tumor in children older than 6 months and younger than 12 years of age.]

C. Teratoma is not the most common renal tumor in children older than 6 months and younger than 12 years of age. [Wilms tumor, which accounts for 6-7% of all pediatric malignancies, is the most common renal tumor in children older than 6 months and younger than 12 years of age.]

D. Clear cell Sarcoma is not the most common renal tumor in children older than 6 months and younger than 12 years of age. [Wilms tumor, which accounts for 6-7% of all pediatric malignancies, is the most common renal tumor in children older than 6 months and younger than 12 years of age.]

E. Mesoblastic nephroma is not the most common renal tumor in children older than 6 months and younger than 12 years of age. [Wilms tumor, which accounts for 6-7% of all pediatric malignancies, is the most common renal tumor in children older than 6 months and younger than 12 years of age.]



From the manuscript:
A Case of Clear Cell Sarcoma of the Kidney
Radiology Case. 2011 Feb; 5(2):8-12


This article belongs to the Pediatric section.




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From the manuscript

A Case of Clear Cell Sarcoma of the Kidney

Free full text article: A Case of Clear Cell Sarcoma of the Kidney

Abstract
Clear cell renal sarcoma is a rare tumor and comprises 4% of primary pediatric malignant renal tumors. It is known as an aggressive tumor with poor prognosis. Clinically and radiographically, it resembles Wilms tumor. We present a case of a child with an abdominal mass that was diagnosed as clear cell sarcoma of her right kidney.






References



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2. Miniati D, Gay AN, Parks KV, Naik-Mathuria BJ, Hicks J, Nuchtern JG, Cass DL, Olutoye OO. Imaging accuracy and incidence of Wilms and non-Wilms renal tumors in children. Journal of Pediatric Surgery 43:1301-1307, 2008
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3. Boo YJ, Fisher JC, Haley MJ, Cowles RA, Kandel JJ, Yamashiro DJ. Vascular characterization of clear cell sarcoma of the kidney in a child: a case report and review. Journal of Pediatric Surgery 44:2031-2036, 2009.
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4. Sebire NJ, Vujanic GM. Paediatric Renal Tumours: Recent Developments, New Entities, and Pathological Features. Histopathology 54:516-528, 2009
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5. Lowe LH, Isuani BH, Heller RM, Stein SM, Johnson JE, Navarro OM, Hernanz-Schulman M. Pediatric Renal Masses: Wilms Tumor and Beyond. Radiographics 20:1585-1603, 2000.
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6. Zhuge Y, Cheung MC, Yang R, Perez EA, Koniaris LG, Sola JE. Pediatric Non-Wilms Renal Tumors: Subtypes, Survival, and Prognostic Indicators. Journal of Surgical Research 156(2): 257-263, 2010.
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7. Glass RBJ, Davidson AJ, Fernbach SK. Clear Cell sarcoma of the Kidney: CT, Sonographic, and Pathologic Correlation. Radiology 180: 715-717, 1991.
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8. Seibel Neil. Clear Cell Sarcoma of the Kidney. eMedicine Pediatrics http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/993245, 2009
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9. White KS, Grossman H. Wilms and associated renal tumors of childhood. Pediatr Radiol 21:81-88, 1991
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