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March 2009 Issue

 




Other Radiology articles from the Neuroradiology section Neuroradiology

Spinal MRI Findings of Guillain-Barré Syndrome by Ozlem Alkan et al.

Published: 2009 Mar
Issue: 3(3) :: Pages: 25-28


Free full text article: Spinal MRI Findings of Guillain-Barré Syndrome

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Abstract: Guillain-Barré syndrome is a relatively common, acute, and rapidly progressive, inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy. The diagnosis is usually established on the basis of symptoms and signs, aided by cerebrospinal fluid findings and electrophysiologic criteria. Previously, radiologic examinations have been used only to rule out other spinal abnormalities. We report a case of systemic lupus erythematosus associated with Guillain-Barré syndrome with marked enhancement of nerve roots of the conus medullaris and cauda equina on MR imaging. These MR observations may help confirm the diagnosis of Guillain-Barré syndrome.


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Magnetic Resonance Imaging

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Other Radiology articles from the Neuroradiology section Neuroradiology

Isolated Cortical Vein Thrombosis - The Cord Sign by Vijay K.Sharma et al.

Published: 2009 Mar
Issue: 3(3) :: Pages: 21-24


Free full text article: Isolated Cortical Vein Thrombosis - The Cord Sign

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Abstract: Isolated cortical vein thrombosis is an uncommon condition and often difficult to diagnose, both clinically and radiologically. We report a case of a 38 years old man who presented with headache of new onset and clinical examination was unremarkable. The unenhanced brain CT did not reveal any abnormality. In view of unrelenting headache and partial seizures, we performed magnetic resonance imaging (with axial T1, T2 and gradient echo sequences, coronal FLAIR, diffusion weighted imaging as well as Gadolinium contrast-enhanced images) and magnetic resonance venography of the brain that revealed an isolated parietal cortical vein thrombosis with the rarely reported `cord sign`. We report the clinical and radiological findings in our patient with isolated parietal cortical vein thrombosis.


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Computed Tomography, Magnetic Resonance Imaging

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Other Radiology articles from the Musculoskeletal Imaging section Musculoskeletal Imaging

Intraosseus and extraosseus juxtaarticular calcification: Osteopoikilosis with synovial osteochondromatosis - an association by Parangama Chatterjee et al.

Published: 2009 Mar
Issue: 3(3) :: Pages: 1-5


Free full text article: Intraosseus and extraosseus juxtaarticular calcification: Osteopoikilosis with synovial osteochondromatosis - an association

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Abstract: Osteopoikilosis presents as round or ovoid sclerotic lesions with an appearance like enostosis on pathology. Synovial osteochondromatosis occurs due to cartilaginous metaplasia with synovial villous proliferation with calcified nodules in proximity to joints. A case of osteopoikilosis associated with synovial osteochondromatosis is described. Intraosseus and juxta osseus sclerotic bone lesions were identified on radiographs and computed tomography in a patient with knee pain. The association of osteopoikilosis with synovial osteochondromatosis is rare and to our knowledge has received little attention in the literature.


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Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Conventional Radiography, Computed Tomography

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Other Radiology articles from the Genitourinary Radiology section Genitourinary Radiology

Imaging Features of Renal Hydatid Cyst Presenting with Hydatiduria by Muhammad Umar Amin et al.

Published: 2009 Mar
Issue: 3(3) :: Pages: 6-11


Free full text article: Imaging Features of Renal Hydatid Cyst Presenting with Hydatiduria

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Abstract: We report a case of renal hydatid cyst in a 25-year-old male who presented with hydatiduria. Intravenous pyelography revealed presence of a space-occupying lesion in the lower pole of right kidney with curvilinear calcifications. Ultrasound, computed tomography and MRI were suggestive of hydatid cyst in the right kidney. Patient underwent right-sided nephrectomy. Passage of hydatid cysts in urine is an exceedingly rare occurrence. Urinary tract involvement develops in 2-4% of all cases of hydatid cyst. Hydatiduria is an extremely rare manifestation of renal hydatid cyst. We report such a case with emphasis on IVU, sonographic, CT and MRI findings.


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Macroscopic pathology, Ultrasound, Conventional Radiography, Computed Tomography, Magnetic Resonance Imaging

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Other Radiology articles from the Neuroradiology section Neuroradiology

Percutaneous vertebroplasty and spinal cord compression: a case report by Ilaria Morghen et al.

Published: 2009 Mar
Issue: 3(3) :: Pages: 17-20


Free full text article: Percutaneous vertebroplasty and spinal cord compression: a case report

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Abstract: This report describes a 60-year-old woman with intensive back pain due to metastatic vertebral body collapse, who underwent percutaneous vertebroplasty. Subsequently, the patient developed metastatic lesion extrusion into the spinal canal because of pressure of the cement, with compression of the left anterolateral spinal cord. During percutaneous vertebroplasty procedure in patient with malignant tumors, the complication rate increases owing to the risk of leakage of cement resulting from the vertebral body destruction, but as also seen in our case, for the extrusion of the neoplastic tissue and increase of the pressure in the vertebral body due to the introduction of the cement.


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Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Computed Tomography





Other Radiology articles from the Interventional Radiology section Interventional Radiology

Geniculate arterial pseudoaneurysm formation following trauma and elective orthopaedic surgery to the knee: 2 case reports and a review of the literature by A Shaw et al.

Published: 2009 Mar
Issue: 3(3) :: Pages: 12-16


Free full text article: Geniculate arterial pseudoaneurysm formation following trauma and elective orthopaedic surgery to the knee: 2 case reports and a review of the literature

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Abstract: Arterial pseudoaneurysm formation of the genicular vessels following orthopaedic surgery to the knee is an extremely rare occurrence. Here we report the successful management of two cases as a complication of total knee arthroplasty and a tibial interlocking nail, utilising coil embolisation by interventional radiological techniques and negating the need for further surgery. To our knowledge this is one of the few reported cases of pseudoaneurysms of the descending genicular artery secondary to drain placement and only the second following tibial interlocking nail placement.


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Conventional Radiography, Fluoroscopy





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